Teaching Tips To Deal With Dyslexic Students

Most people think that family members are the only ones who find difficulty in addressing the problems of a child with dyslexia. However, class teachers also face a lot of confusion when it comes to dealing with students with such disorder.

There are various reasons why a student with dyslexia is underperforming in class. First, the disorder causes poor auditory short-term memory which hinders them to retain the concepts and input from the teacher. For example, they have difficulty remembering the sounds of the words they hear. Because of this, it is hard for them to match these words with their spelling.

Another problem these pupils are facing is low self-esteem. Since most of them have a difficult time catching up with their lessons, they find themselves lacking confidence when dealing with the world.

“I have too often encountered countless numbers of genuinely bright children who sincerely believed they were just plain stupid,” wrote Ania Siwek, PsyD. “Often this erroneous conclusion is drawn when children have no other way to explain their learning differences to themselves.”

Source: en.wikipedia.org

These problems that are faced by students with dyslexia are common, and teachers have a huge role to create a positive and encouraging environment. They can make it easier for them to learn faster and regain their self-value.

Listed below are some tips on how to deal with students with dyslexia.

Assistive Technologies

There are several new technologies and tools which teachers can use to assist them in handling their students. One example of this a colored keyboard. Keyboards which have features that contain larger letters and colored overlays help them type easily. There are even some that have multimedia hotkeys. These let them play, stop, pause, and rewind audio anytime they want. They are convenient since they often use text-to-speech software.

Another assistive technology which you can use is a line reader. A liner reader highlights and magnifies the texts it marks. It guides students with dyslexia to read and move through a worksheet or book with ease. It will also enable them to overcome their tendency of swimming with words. The result? Less distraction.

Blackboard Techniques

One reason why people with dyslexia have a hard time listening to their teacher is that they always get lost when their instructor starts to write on the blackboard. With that, the teachers should make sure to do the following to avoid this:

  • Make sure that the words have ample space between them. Doing this will let them read correctly and avoid mixing the words beside it.
  • Use different colored chalks per line or sentence if there is a bombardment of words on the board. If this is too tedious, the teacher can also underline every other line using chalk of assorted colors.
  • Do not rush the child in copying the information on the board. Leave the writing there as much as possible.

Marking And Scoring Strategies

Always take into account that students with dyslexia have a hard time catching up with the education standard of their classmates. Hence, it is essential to acknowledge the effort and time put by the child into his or her schooling works. Maybe teachers can have a different scoring approach when grading the outputs of their students with dyslexia.

Teachers and parents must reward effort, not just “the product”. “For the dyslexic, grades should be less important than progress,” says Michael Ryan, M.D.

Source: pxhere.com

Try also not to use red marks when marking and scoring their work. There is nothing more disheartening than seeing their papers covered with red ink. It will also lower their self-esteem in the process. To boost their confidence in their schooling, mark their work using a pencil and write positive comments on their work.

Vocabulary Support

To assist the children with their vocabulary capacity, here are some of the things a teacher can do:

  • Require a child to carry a small notebook which can serve as their dictionary. Their logs will include the details such as the word, page number where they found it in the dictionary, a short description of the meaning, the pronunciation, and a sentence which contains the words.
  • Teach the child with root words, prefixes, and suffixes to improve their comprehension and spelling.
  • Improve their vocabulary bank by forming associations. These associations can be through written sentences or verbal expressions. Make sure to relate it to their lives as well.

Oral Recitations And Computer-Written Output

There may be times that students with dyslexia miss passing their written output because they find it difficult to write their thoughts and they also consider physical handwriting as torture.

Source: commons.wikimedia.org

The first thing which could be of help to them is to give them an opportunity to answer questions through oral recitations. People with dyslexia find it easier to express their thoughts and communicate their answers through speaking.

Another technique which you can do is to allow them to submit computer-written output. Most students with dyslexia use programs such as word processors to make their lives easier. It is also recommended to let them use applications such as the Spell Checker to correct their punctuations and grammar.

There is no “one-size-fits-all” strategy in addressing the concerns of children with dyslexia. However, these five teachings tips should be a start for those teachers who are still confused on how to deal with their students with dyslexia.

“Know the student,” Joan Teach, PhD., recommended. “And then try a strategy and see if it works. And if that strategy doesn’t work, try something else. Keep trying different strategies, because each child’s configuration of strengths and weakness will be different.”

Hearing Impairment Links To Dementia

Staying mentally alert is vital in aging that’s why it is the top concern of most adults. In a medical survey, there are identified barriers that cause mental degradation and all of which are linked to untreated hearing loss. We know that hearing loss can cause depression, social isolation, and anxiety. And if left untreated, can also lead to severe mental illness.

Patients who experience a hearing impairment are much more likely to have dementia. Studies show that these two conditions occur together. However, some experts believe that it’s the other way around. The signs of dementia and hearing are common, but for some others, the direct link seems to be unclear.

Chin-Mei Liu, PhD and Charles Tzu-Chi Lee, PhD wrote that “Hearing loss includes peripheral hearing impairment and central auditory dysfunction; both are associated with accelerated cognitive decline, cognitive impairment, and incident dementia.”

Loss Of Important Relationship

Social isolation is the collective result of untreated hearing impairment. That’s because the process of hearing becomes challenging so many people avoid activities that require attentive interaction. The study shows that by the age of 65 years old, there are approximately one out of three people who suffer from isolation due to hearing loss.  In some unfortunate events, many may try lip reading or avoiding loud environment before eventually isolating themselves.

Decreased Cognitive Ability

Frank R. Lin, MD, PhD, and Marilyn Albert, PhD, explained that “Hearing impairment may also constitute a “second hit” on the brain and thereby adversely affect the cognitive performance and increase the risk of dementia by adding to brain pathology resulting from other disorders (e.g., amyloid-beta accumulation, neurofibrillary tangles, and microvascular disease).”

People with hearing disability are using all their cognitive resources to comprehend in a conversation. As much as possible, these people want to use less brain power in the process because it’s too draining. If people use too much comprehension just by talking to someone, they eventually damage their mental function. That’s because there’s a required higher amount of effort to listen over an extensive period. With this, the exerted effort tries to steal resources from the brain’s capability to store memory and make decisions. A study concluded that the untreated hearing loss accelerates cognitive decline as well.

Triggering Depression

In most patients who have dementia, the associated hearing loss improves the behavioral, emotional and mental symptoms. These include anxiety, hallucination, aggression, depression, and quality of life. That’s because when people suffer from hearing impairment, they begin to think negatively. From there, the isolation they need hinders them to interact and communicate with other people. It gets overwhelming as they continue to struggle on their way to recovery without any available concluded resolution.

The Intervention

“A separate imaging study where brain changes were tracked in 126 people for up to 10 years found that those with hearing impairment had accelerated rates of brain atrophy, including in areas involved in memory. These studies suggest that it may be necessary to treat hearing loss before significant brain shrinkage occurs in order to mitigate dementia risk,” Betsy Mills, PhD, notes.

Treating hearing loss can help improve a person’s quality of life and allow him to become mentally sharp.  It reduces the risk of having mental degradation and cognitive decline. So if you or a family member noticed a relative who is not engaging in any conversation, always attempting to lip read, or struggling from hearing, it is essential to schedule a clinical test. The patient can undergo an audiogram to be able to get a clue of what type a hearing loss needs to be addressed. Only a hearing test can answer and treat the condition.

Always remember that the longer the problem goes untreated, the harder it is to correct. With that said, there’s a higher risk of the patient to develop dementia if the hearing loss gets unnoticed. So better learn the things about sensory problems associated with mental illness to help and save the lives of your loved ones.

How Sensory Activities Benefit Children With Disabilities

Everyone knows that our five senses – sight, touch, taste, and sound – play a vital function in the development of our brains. This is why sensory play is very important in repairing and strengthening our children’s minds and forming strong building blocks for learning in the years to come. Something that contributes to this type of development is speaking to a licensed professional like those found here.

“Remember, we all engage in sensory seeking behavior (such as tapping a pencil or chewing a pen cap while concentrating) and sensory avoidance (I personally hate touching cold, mushy things like raw meat). It is when these needs or aversions interfere with our functioning and cause dysregulation that we have a disorder,” Allison Kawa, PsyD, a child psychologist in Los Angeles, shares.

Assisting A Beloved To Deal With Visual Impairment

 

The temperament of an individual who lives with visual impairment varies depending on how they lost their sense of sight. In case it’s a condition they were born with, coping with the situation won’t be that difficult since they grew up that way. However, if the loss of vision is a result of an accident or an ailment that took place when the person was older, it may be too big of a pill to swallow.

Helpful Gadgets for the Visually Impaired

 

Whenever I see a friend getting riled up over the most mundane things like missing a concert or chipping a fingernail, it annoys me. Some people live their lives with disabilities they may never recover from, yet you don’t hear them whine that much. Instead, these heroes make do with the talents they possess and hope for the best. This incredible courage they show, in truth, may have propelled scientists to invent gadgets that can be useful for them, especially for the visually impaired folks.

Knowing Sensory Processing Disorder

Nowadays, numerous parenting styles are employed by parents in order to provide their children with a balanced environment for self-growth and discipline; However, despite many studies on rearing and parenting. Any average parents would still encounter moments of doubts and anxiety about their parenting styles and if they are disciplining their children accordingly.

The Buzz On Hearing Aids

In this age of constantly changing times where we get upset if our phones do not do anything new in six months, it is easy to forget how things used to be; When you think about how fast that we are advancing it is amazing. There was a time where a thousand years could go by without any significant technological change. There were easily three thousand years where horses were the fastest means of travel. In similarity, there were three hundred years where hearing aids did not change at all. Most likely there are not many people who remember the Trumpet Age of Hearing Aids, but this will be the focus of discussion for this article today.

 

Aids Now VS Aids Hundred Years Ago                                                         

Assistive Devices In The Classroom

 

One thing that always shocks me when I look further into is how well developed our assistive devices are today. When you look into the past, as we will soon, you will learn that kids or people with any disabilities just were not cared for. We must realize that the world was a very relentless space a near hundred years ago for those who were not deemed as “normal.” Remember that we are all one incident from being disabled and be grateful that you live in the era where everyone is considered normal.