How To Teach Your Child To Read

When you enroll your child to various forms of therapy online to ensure that they are ready for school, you should also start teaching them how to read. It’s not about their age, you see. Everything is about the developmental process of your son or daughter.

For instance, do they get enough physical activities every day? Can they sit still in a chair, hold a pencil without concentrated effort, or track the words on the board and copy them onto paper? Is your child able to communicate well?

Considering you are still unaware of it, you should know that learning how to read through the computer is entirely out of the question.

Importance Of Reading Books

You see, if you don’t get the reading thing right, and consequently raise a child who dislikes the activity, many doors will shut for him. As evidence shows, homeschooling is no guarantee you will get it right. I talk to homeschooling parents whose children don’t enjoying reading because of simple mistakes that, had they known otherwise, would have been easy to avoid. In simple words, that is a tragedy.

Assuming your child is developmentally ready, it’s time to train them with real books. Though you may find them adding to the clutter in your home at first, it is more prudent to spend money on quality hardback classic novels that your kids can take pride in owning than fancy phonics programs. The latter, you see, might be more confusing than useful.

Where To Start?

1. Lay Out The Basics

To begin, you must teach your child the alphabet and letter sounds.

“The approach that proved most effective was based on phonics-teaching children how to sound words out, letter by letter, rather than encouraging students to recognize words as single chunks,” wrote John McWhorter, PhD.

Use the alphabet song to memorize the alphabet, for instance. You may also get flashcards to help them learn the letters out of sequence afterward. Furthermore, it may pay off to stick alphabet magnets on the refrigerator so that the youngsters can get reminded of them often.

Now that they know what every letter is supposed to sound, you can separate the vowels and teach the short vowel sounds. The child should understand these well enough to immediately recognize the difference, for example, between a short “e” and a short “a.” Work with them until they do without overdoing it, to the point that the poor kid becomes frustrated. Consequently, you can allow them to practice as soon as they get the vowel sounds down.

2. Teach How To Put Letters Together

Once you sense that your kid is ready for more, you may teach them how to put consonant and vowel sounds together.

This step may test your patience greater than the first one because the task requests a lot of concentration. It is something that most young children do not have, considering they have a short attention span. If they are making mistakes with the vowels sounds, you can always go back and do a few practice drills instead of yelling and ruining the experience for them.

As a parent, it also matters to think that perhaps the slip-ups are not because of cognitive disabilities. In some cases, the problem may be exhaustion. That is especially true if they have been learning for more than a couple of hours. Hence, you ought to allow the child to go at their own pace.

According to Kathy Egawa, PhD, “expecting more from young children than is developmentally appropriate may just frustrate them, and turn them off to an interest in reading when it’s most important.”

Say, in the beginning, you may ask your kid to read two-letter syllables in half a page. After some time, they may be ready for two full pages. You will notice that the youngsters will ask you later if they can try more words, thus indicating that you hit another milestone.

“Listen to your child,” wrote Peter Gray, PhD. “Respond appropriately to your child’s questions, but don’t go overboard by telling your child more than he or she wants to know. If you do go overboard, your child will learn to stop asking you questions.”

3. Jump To Three-Letter Words

One of the most effective ways to teach a child how to read three-letter words is to encourage them to identify the initial letter first. For instance, in case the word is “bat,” the first consonant is B. When you include the second letter, which is the vowel A, they can produce the word “ba”. Pronouncing it and adding the letter T, in the end, will allow them to read their first word easily.

Learning longer words will then be not too challenging for the children since they already know how to put syllables together.

Final Thoughts

Teaching a kid how to read is not daunting, is it? You do not need to possess an Education degree to help your child start reading. You merely have to be a mother or a father who understands vowels and consonants quite well and wants their offspring to hold real books instead of gadgets.

Good luck!

Hearing Impairment Links To Dementia

Staying mentally alert is vital in aging that’s why it is the top concern of most adults. In a medical survey, there are identified barriers that cause mental degradation and all of which are linked to untreated hearing loss. We know that hearing loss can cause depression, social isolation, and anxiety. And if left untreated, can also lead to severe mental illness.

Patients who experience a hearing impairment are much more likely to have dementia. Studies show that these two conditions occur together. However, some experts believe that it’s the other way around. The signs of dementia and hearing are common, but for some others, the direct link seems to be unclear.

Chin-Mei Liu, PhD and Charles Tzu-Chi Lee, PhD wrote that “Hearing loss includes peripheral hearing impairment and central auditory dysfunction; both are associated with accelerated cognitive decline, cognitive impairment, and incident dementia.”

Loss Of Important Relationship

Social isolation is the collective result of untreated hearing impairment. That’s because the process of hearing becomes challenging so many people avoid activities that require attentive interaction. The study shows that by the age of 65 years old, there are approximately one out of three people who suffer from isolation due to hearing loss.  In some unfortunate events, many may try lip reading or avoiding loud environment before eventually isolating themselves.

Decreased Cognitive Ability

Frank R. Lin, MD, PhD, and Marilyn Albert, PhD, explained that “Hearing impairment may also constitute a “second hit” on the brain and thereby adversely affect the cognitive performance and increase the risk of dementia by adding to brain pathology resulting from other disorders (e.g., amyloid-beta accumulation, neurofibrillary tangles, and microvascular disease).”

People with hearing disability are using all their cognitive resources to comprehend in a conversation. As much as possible, these people want to use less brain power in the process because it’s too draining. If people use too much comprehension just by talking to someone, they eventually damage their mental function. That’s because there’s a required higher amount of effort to listen over an extensive period. With this, the exerted effort tries to steal resources from the brain’s capability to store memory and make decisions. A study concluded that the untreated hearing loss accelerates cognitive decline as well.

Triggering Depression

In most patients who have dementia, the associated hearing loss improves the behavioral, emotional and mental symptoms. These include anxiety, hallucination, aggression, depression, and quality of life. That’s because when people suffer from hearing impairment, they begin to think negatively. From there, the isolation they need hinders them to interact and communicate with other people. It gets overwhelming as they continue to struggle on their way to recovery without any available concluded resolution.

The Intervention

“A separate imaging study where brain changes were tracked in 126 people for up to 10 years found that those with hearing impairment had accelerated rates of brain atrophy, including in areas involved in memory. These studies suggest that it may be necessary to treat hearing loss before significant brain shrinkage occurs in order to mitigate dementia risk,” Betsy Mills, PhD, notes.

Treating hearing loss can help improve a person’s quality of life and allow him to become mentally sharp.  It reduces the risk of having mental degradation and cognitive decline. So if you or a family member noticed a relative who is not engaging in any conversation, always attempting to lip read, or struggling from hearing, it is essential to schedule a clinical test. The patient can undergo an audiogram to be able to get a clue of what type a hearing loss needs to be addressed. Only a hearing test can answer and treat the condition.

Always remember that the longer the problem goes untreated, the harder it is to correct. With that said, there’s a higher risk of the patient to develop dementia if the hearing loss gets unnoticed. So better learn the things about sensory problems associated with mental illness to help and save the lives of your loved ones.

Eye Problems And Vision Anxiety Symptoms(Including Panic Attacks)

 

Eye problems and vision anxiety symptoms are something that can continuously affect your eyes, either on one eye, alternating between eyes or both eyes at the same time. These symptoms appear or are experienced indefinitely. Sometimes it goes away on their own, and sometimes it stays and happens often, but there’s not an exact frequency of how it is experienced.

 

It may precede other symptoms of anxiety, fear, panic attacks, and stress or be experienced on its own. These can be slight to intense, occurring in waves, and vary from time to time. It could also be intense in one minute, but then it’s only minor in the next.

 

Eye And Vision Anxiety Symptoms Descriptions

  • Abnormality in the vision like seeing stars, blurs, shadows, fogginess, and other similar things
  • Seeing objects not there but you can see them in the corner of your eye
  • Having tunnel-like vision
  • Losing some of the peripheral vision
  • Sight is often surreal and illusory
  • Seeing spots and blurriness along with flashing lights
  • An abnormally blurry vision for no reason when focusing on something
  • Needing new glasses prescription

 

 

What Causes The Eye Problems And Vision Anxiety Symptoms?

Anxiety can trigger the stress response of the body, which can then cause changes in the physiology, psychology, or emotions that will allow the person to deal with the stress or threat.

According to Patricia Hentz, EdD, CS, PMH, NP-BC, “One challenge in diagnosing the disorders is that most patients present with physical symptoms rather than psychological complaints.” She also explained that, “Anxiety disorders often coexist with medical conditions; in some patients, anxiety can aggravate and/or contribute to the medical condition, while for others, the medical condition is the underlying cause.”

One of the changes that would happen is the stress hormones stimulating the nervous system, which in turn will heighten the senses which include the sight.

 

If you don’t experience stress often, you can recover from these changes quickly. However, if you’re often stressed, your body might have difficulty in healing, putting your body in stress-response hyper stimulation wherein your body continually shows stress response.

 

These responses can also cause your sensory organs to have irregularities like in the vision. The symptoms mentioned above can be because of persistent stress. People who experience anxiety disorder can also experience these visual symptoms. While these symptoms can be due to stress, it’s not something to be concerned about all the time.

 

How To Eliminate Vision Anxiety Symptoms

If the vision symptoms are caused by stress, try to calm down so that the stress response and changes will subside. It is normal and can take up to 20 minutes to be patient.

According to Katharina Star, PhD, “Even when in full-blown panic mode, you may logically recognize that your fears are exceeding what is warranted by the situation.” She suggested to “[r]emain aware of how you’re feeling and remind yourself that it will not overtake you.”

If the symptoms are due to stress response hyper stimulation, it might take longer to recover from, and usually, it improves when the symptom is completely gone. When the body completely recovers, the vision symptoms will also fully recede so don’t be too concerned about it.

 

 

If you want to experience these symptoms less, it’s best that you lessen stress by doing breathing techniques to relax and also to rest instead of worrying too much about the symptoms. You can also go to an anxiety disorder therapist if you can’t help feeling worried about this to help manage your worry.

 

There are times when symptoms can include still persons for a long time even though the stress response has also subsided. Do your research and get help from anxiety disorder therapists to adequately address your anxiety and the symptoms as most of the time, treating the cause can be the best way to overcome the symptoms.

Mandy Rubin, LPC, wrote, “Once we build up a network of skills we know to be impactful, we can start to practice them in times of little or no stress. This creates a new pattern for reacting to stress.”

How Sensory Activities Benefit Children With Disabilities

Everyone knows that our five senses – sight, touch, taste, and sound – play a vital function in the development of our brains. This is why sensory play is very important in repairing and strengthening our children’s minds and forming strong building blocks for learning in the years to come. Something that contributes to this type of development is speaking to a licensed professional like those found here.

“Remember, we all engage in sensory seeking behavior (such as tapping a pencil or chewing a pen cap while concentrating) and sensory avoidance (I personally hate touching cold, mushy things like raw meat). It is when these needs or aversions interfere with our functioning and cause dysregulation that we have a disorder,” Allison Kawa, PsyD, a child psychologist in Los Angeles, shares.

Helpful Gadgets for the Visually Impaired

 

Whenever I see a friend getting riled up over the most mundane things like missing a concert or chipping a fingernail, it annoys me. Some people live their lives with disabilities they may never recover from, yet you don’t hear them whine that much. Instead, these heroes make do with the talents they possess and hope for the best. This incredible courage they show, in truth, may have propelled scientists to invent gadgets that can be useful for them, especially for the visually impaired folks.

Assistive Devices In The Classroom

 

One thing that always shocks me when I look further into is how well developed our assistive devices are today. When you look into the past, as we will soon, you will learn that kids or people with any disabilities just were not cared for. We must realize that the world was a very relentless space a near hundred years ago for those who were not deemed as “normal.” Remember that we are all one incident from being disabled and be grateful that you live in the era where everyone is considered normal.

Assistive Devices In The Kitchen

 

This is just something that I do not get to hear often discussed by either consumers or inventors to which this article is trying to call to both. There are just hardly any assistive devices in the past nor in the future for the kitchen. Sadly this is what the outcry from people living with difficulties has been calling for since they have to have other people make their food. There is nothing that is worse than feeling powerless in your own life, but hopefully, you will have a small understanding of it by the end of this article.

The World Of Assistive Devices

 

We take for granted how we are always one stroke away from losing one of our senses. Thankfully we live in a world where these disabilities will not hinder you as much as they would have a hundred years prior. If you never took a moment to appreciate this simple fact, then at least now learn more about the assistive that made this possible. You will never know when you might need one.